Who’s At Risk?
The prevalent risk factor in developing AMD is, obviously, age. However, individuals who smoke, have a high rate of UV exposure, or have a family history of AMD may be more likely to develop this debilitating condition. Other conditions associated with the development of AMD may include high blood pressure.
There’s no secret to the benefits of a healthy lifestyle. Protecting yourself from UV exposure (starting as early as possible), eating a healthy diet full of antioxidants, and refraining from smoking are all important for preventing AMD.
The only way to detect AMD in its earlier stages is to undergo annual eye exams. Because age-related macular degeneration does not display any symptoms in its early stages, it is extremely difficult to diagnose without an eye exam.
If your optometrist detects AMD, or suspects you are at risk of developing it, they may send you home with a test called the Amsler gridAmsler grid, which you should take every day. If your perception of the grid suddenly changes, and you notice dark spots, wavy lines, or other distortions, it could mean that you have begun to develop AMD.